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General

This section provides recent reference details and - where available - links and abstracts for general publications associated with illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. References include journal articles, reports, theses, and other literature. To access our complete database please use our bibliography. 

2017

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2017)

Overview of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health status 2016.

Retrieved 3/3/2017 from http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/health-facts/overviews

This report provides a comprehensive overview of the most recent indicators of the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Information focuses on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

Two new sections are featured in this edition of the Overview. With the 20th anniversary of the Bringing them home report a section has been dedicated to Healing which highlights the contribution of healing workers and organisations to supporting people, families and communities impacted by the Stolen Generations. Environmental health with its important link to the social determinants of health is also included for the first time in the Overview 2016.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Clifford A, Shakeshaft A (2017)

A bibliometric review of drug and alcohol research focused on Indigenous peoples of Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States.

Drug and Alcohol Review; Early View(http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12510): 1-14

Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (2017)

Closing the Gap Prime Minister's report 2017.

Canberra: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet

This publication is the ninth Closing the Gap report produced since targets were set by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in 2008. Over the long-term there are improvements across a number of the targets, however these improvements are not enough to meet the majority of the outcomes set by COAG. While many successes are being achieved locally, at a national level, only one of the seven closing the gap targets is on track to be achieved this year. The report highlights that it is a shared responsibility of all governments to partner with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in order to meet the Closing the Gap targets. The report covers:

  • appreciating our national culture
  • infancy and early childhood
  • education
  • employment
  • economic development
  • healthy lives
  • safe and strong communities.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Gannoni A, Goldsmid S (2017)

Readiness to change drug use and help-seeking intentions of police detainees: findings from the DUMA program.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Knight A, Havard A, Shakeshaft A, Maple M, Snijder M, Shakeshaft B (2017)

The feasibility of embedding data collection into the routine service delivery of a multi-component program for high-risk young people.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; 14(2): 208

Retrieved 26 February 2017 from http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14020208

2016

Al Iede M, Nunn K, Milne B, Fitzgerald DA (2016)

The consequences of chronic cannabis smoking in vulnerable adolescents.

Paediatric Respiratory Reviews; In press(http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2016.11.001):

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2016)

Overview of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health status 2015.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This report provides recent information on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in 2015. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2016)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services (AODTS).

Retrieved 20 April 2016 from http://www.aihw.gov.au/alcohol-and-other-drugs/aodts/

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2016)

Australia's health 2016.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2016)

Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2016)

Exploring drug treatment and homelessness in Australia: 1 July 2011 to 30 June 2014.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Baker D, Kay-Lambkin F (2016)

Two at a time: alcohol and other drug use by young people with a mental illness.

Melbourne: Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health

Brener L, Wilson H, Jackson LC, Johnson P, Saunders V, Treloar C (2016)

Experiences of diagnosis, care and treatment among Aboriginal people living with hepatitis C.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 40(S1): S59–S64

Centre for Social Research in Health (2016)

HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia: annual report of trends in behaviour 2016 (viral hepatitis supplement).

Sydney: Centre for Social Research in Health

This report provides an update on viral hepatitis in Australia as a part of the Annual Report of Trends in Behaviour 2016.

Key issues in the 2016 report include:

  • models of care for viral hepatitis
  • stigma - including examining the experience of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living with hepatitis C.

Abstract adapted from the Centre for Social Research in Health

Dawes G (2016)

Keeping on country: Doomadgee and Mornington Island recidivism research report.

Townsville, Qld: North and West Remote Health

Fisher K, Smith T, Nairn K, Anderson D (2016)

Rural people who inject drugs: a cross-sectional survey addressing the dimensions of access to secondary needle and syringe program outlets.

Australian Journal of Rural Health; Early view(http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12304):

Gately N, Ellis S, Morris R (2016)

Drug use monitoring in Australia: an expansion into the Pilbara.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Graham S, Harrod ME, Iversen J, Hocking JS (2016)

Prevalence of hepatitis C among Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Hepatitis Monthly; 16(7): e38640

Retrieved 2 July 2016 from http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/hepatmon.38640

Growns B, Kinner S, Baldry E, Conroy E, Larney S (2016)

Supported accommodation services for people released from custody: a systematic review to inform the development of the Rainbow Lodge Program.

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

Hakeem R, Dennis A, Ogden K, Ahuja KD, Hakeem MA (2016)

Obstetric and perinatal morbidity in Northern Tasmanian Aboriginal population: a retrospective cohort study.

Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research; 10(5): QC06 - QC09

KPMG (2016)

Unlocking the Future: Maranguka justice reinvestment project in Bourke preliminary assessment.

Sydney: KPMG

Leske S, Harris MG, Charlson FJ, Ferrari AJ, Baxter AJ, Logan JM, Toombs M, Whiteford H (2016)

Systematic review of interventions for Indigenous adults with mental and substance use disorders in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States.

Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry; 50(11): 1040-1054

MacLean S, Hengsen R, Stephens R (2016)

Critical considerations in responding to crystal methamphetamine use in Australian Aboriginal communities.

Drug and Alcohol Review; Early view(http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12468):

MacRae A, Hoareau J (2016)

Review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Perth: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Mental Health Commission (2016)

Strong Spirit Strong Mind metro project: campaign evaluation.

Perth, WA: Mental Health Commission

Miller P, Cox E, Costa B, Mayshak R, Walker A, Hyder S, Tonner L, Day A (2016)

Alcohol/drug-involved family violence in Australia.

Canberra: National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund

Penington Institute (2016)

Australia's annual overdose report 2016.

Melbourne: Penington Institute

Rodgers R, Kovacevic C, Zhang X, Tuttle R, Nebe B (2016)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health organisations: online services report - key results 2014-15.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This seventh national report presents information from 278 organisations across Australia, funded by the Australian Government to provide one or more of the following health services to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: primary health care, maternal and child health care, social and emotional wellbeing services, and substance-use services. These organisations participated in the 2014-15 online services report data collection. Information is presented on the characteristics of these organisations, the health services and activities provided to clients and staffing levels. Other information presented includes client numbers, client contacts and episodes of care, and service gaps and challenges.

Abstract Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Sindicich N, Zador D, Larney S, Dolan K (2016)

Patient motivations, perceptions and experiences of opioid substitution therapy in prison.

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

Smirnov A, Kemp R, Ward J, Henderson S, Williams S, Dev A, Najman JM (2016)

Patterns of drug dependence in a Queensland (Australia) sample of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people who inject drugs.

Drug and Alcohol Review; Early view(http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12392):

Stafford J, Breen C (2016)

Australian drug trends 2015: findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS).

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

Stathopoulos M, Jenkinson R (2016)

Establishing the connection: interventions linking service responses for sexual assault with drug or alcohol use/abuse: final report.

Sydney: Australia's National Research Organisation for Women's Safety

Stathopoulos M, Jenkinson R (2016)

Establishing the connection: interventions linking service responses for sexual assault with drug or alcohol use/abuse: key findings and future directions.

Sydney: Australia's National Research Organisation for Women's Safety

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2016)

Overcoming Indigenous disadvantage: key indicators 2016 report.

Canberra: Productivity Commission

This report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. It is the seventh report in a series commissioned by all Australian governments, designed to measure progress in overcoming the disadvantage faced by many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. The report is produced by the Steering Committee, commissioned by the Council of Australia Governments (COAG), in consultation with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. The Steering Committee is advised by a working group made up of representatives from all Australian governments, the National Congress of Australia's First Peoples, the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

The report measures progress in relation to COAG Closing the Gap targets and against 52 indicators. Progress is measured across a range of areas including governance, leadership and culture, early childhood, education, health, home and safe and supportive communities. The report also includes case studies on things that work to improve outcomes.

The information in this report can help inform the design of policies.

Abstract adapted from Productivity Commission

The Kirby Institute (2016)

Hepatitis B and C in Australia annual surveillance report supplement 2016.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute

This supplement to the Hepatitis B and C in Australia Annual Surveillance Report 2016 provides an update of the roll out of viral hepatitis C direct acting antiviral treatments in Australia.

The supplement was produced to coincide with the 2016 Australasian Viral Hepatitis Conference and provides information on progress and gaps in the Australian response.

Abstract adapted from the Kirby Institute

Wand H, Ward J, Bryant J, Delaney-Thiele D, Worth H, Pitts M, Kaldor JM (2016)

Individual and population level impacts of illicit drug use, sexual risk behaviours on sexually transmitted infections among young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: results from the GOANNA survey.

BMC Public Health; 16: 600

Retrieved 19 July 2016 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3195-6

2015

Andersen K, Henderson J, Howarth E, Williamson D, Crompton D, Emmerson B (2015)

Way Forward: an Indigenous approach to well-being.

Australasian Psychiatry; 23(6): 609-603

Australian Crime Commission (2015)

Illicit drug data report 2013-14.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council (2015)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2014 report.

Canberra: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet

This is the fifth report under the auspice of the Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council to measure progress against the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework (HPF). The framework has become one of the key means of monitoring progress in Closing the gap between Indigenous and other Australians. It includes 68 key measures under the following tiers:

  • Tier 1-Health status and outcomes: measures the prevalence of health conditions, human function, life expectancy and wellbeing and deaths.
  • Tier 2-Determinants of health: measures of the determinants of health, including environmental factors, socioeconomic factors, community capacity, health behaviours and person-related behaviours.
  • Tier 3-Health system performance: measures of the health system, including effectiveness, appropriateness, efficiency, responsiveness, accessibility, continuity, capability and sustainability.

The aim of the report is to promote accountability, inform policy and research, and generate informed debate. The report includes an overview of current national policies and strategies, and data analysis for each of the three tiers.

Abstract adapted from Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2015)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health organisations: online services report - key results 2013-14.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2015)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2014 report: detailed analyses.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2014 report: detailed analyses, is the fifth in a series of reports against the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework which are published every two years. This report provides information on a range of measures of health status, determinants of health and the health system performance relating to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. Detailed tables to support the analysis presented in this report are provided.

Abstract adapted from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2015)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2014: data tables.

Retrieved 11 June 2015 from http://www.aihw.gov.au/indigenous-data/health-performance-framework-2014/

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2015)

The health and welfare of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples 2015.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report aims to provide a comprehensive picture of the health and welfare of Australia's Indigenous population, presenting the latest information on a range of topics including key demographic and economic characteristics, factors that influence health, main conditions causing ill health and mortality, life expectancy and mortality patterns, service use, and health and welfare expenditure. Some of the links between education, employment and health are also explored, as are links between selected risk factors and health. The report places a particular emphasis on describing differences among Indigenous Australians that are associated with living in very remote areas.

Abstract adapted from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Bryant J, Ward J, Wand H, Byron K, Bamblett A, Waples-Crowe P, Betts S, Coburn T, Delaney-Thiele D, Worth H, Kaldor J, Pitts M (2015)

Illicit and injecting drug use among Indigenous young people in urban, regional and remote Australia.

Drug and Alcohol Review; Early view(http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12320):

Coghlan S, Gannoni A, Goldsmid S, Patterson E, Willis M (2015)

Drug use monitoring in Australia: 2013–14 report on drug use among police detainees.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Council for Aboriginal Alcohol Program Services (2015)

CAAPS alcohol and other drug services: an evidence based approach to providing AOD treatment to Aboriginal people and their families.

Darwin: Council for Aboriginal Alcohol Program Services

de Wit J, Mao L, Adam P, Treloar C(Eds) (2015)

HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia: annual report of trends in behaviour 2015.

Sydney: Centre for Social Research in Health, The University of New South Wales

Dolan K, Rodas A, Bode A (2015)

Drug and alcohol use and treatment for Australian Indigenous and non-Indigenous prisoners: demand reduction strategies.

International Journal of Prisoner Health; 11(1): 30-38

Gidding HF, Mahajan D, Reekie J, Lloyd AR, Dwyer DE, Butler T (2015)

Hepatitis B immunity in Australia: a comparison of national and prisoner population serosurveys.

Epidemiology and Infection; FirstView(http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268814003914):

Halacas C, Genat B, Barney K (2015)

'Not everyone has that support': an evaluation of a series of harm reduction and AOD awareness activities within Victorian Aboriginal communities.

Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation

Haythornthwaite S, Hirvonen T (2015)

The relevance of trauma informed care to Aboriginal primary health care services.

Paper presented at the 13th National Rural Health Conference. 24-27 May 2015, Darwin

Henley G, Harrison JE (2015)

Trends in injury deaths, Australia: 1999-00 to 2009-10.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report describes trends in the occurrence of injury deaths in Australia from 1 July 1999 to 30 June 2010 and provides a summary of injury deaths in 2009-10. The information is based on all causes of death recorded on death certificates that is, the underlying cause of death and any other causes.

Age-standardised injury death rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people fluctuated, but tended to decline over the period from 1999-00 to 2009-10. Death rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were two to three times as high as death rates for other Australians over this period.

Abstract adapted from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Iversen J, Maher L (2015)

Australian NSP survey 20 year national data report 1995-2014: prevalence of HIV, HCV and injecting and sexual behaviour among Needle and Syringe Program attendees.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute

Jama-Alol KA, Malacova E, Ferrante A, Alan J, Stewart L, Preen D (2015)

Influence of offence type and prior imprisonment on risk of death following release from prison: a whole-population linked data study.

International Journal of Prisoner Health; 11(2): 108-118

Kinner SA, Degenhardt L, Coffey C, Hearps S, Spittal M, Sawyer SM, Patton GC (2015)

Substance use and risk of death in young offenders: a prospective data linkage study.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 34(1): 46–50

Lawrence CG (2015)

Influences on food and lifestyle choices for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians: an Aboriginal perspective.

Doctor of Philosophy thesis, University of Sydney: Sydney

McGregor S, McManus H (2015)

Bloodborne viral and sexually transmissible infections in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: surveillance and evaluation report 2015.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute

This surveillance report provides information on the occurrence of blood borne viruses and sexually transmitted infections among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. The purpose of the report is to discuss ways forward in minimising the transmission risks, as well as the personal and social consequences of these infections within Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

The report is produced in a format that is recognised as appropriate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health services and communities, and is overseen by the National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO) Sexual Health and Blood Borne Virus Advisory Committee.

Abstract adapted from the Kirby Institute

Richards K (2015)

Addressing the offending-related needs of non-violent Indigenous offenders.

Sydney: Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2015)

Report on government services 2015, volume E: Health.

Canberra: Productivity Commission

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2015)

Report on government services 2015: Indigenous compendium.

Canberra: Productivity Commission

This compendium of Indigenous data, now in its thirteenth edition, is drawn from information contained in the Report on Government Services 2015.

The Indigenous compendium is a compilation of data for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians from the 2015 report. Service areas covered by the 2015 report include:

  • child care, education and training
  • justice
  • emergency management
  • health
  • community services
  • housing and homelessness.

Performance reporting focuses on the degree to which the objective for a service is met. The report details the objective (outcomes) for each service stated and the performance indicators measuring the achievement of each objective.

Abstract adapted from Productivity Commission

Stoové M, Treloar CJ, Maher L, Tyrrell H, Wallace J (2015)

Salvaging a prison needle and syringe program trial in Australia requires leadership and respect for evidence.

Medical Journal of Australia; 203(8): 319-320

Taplin S, Richmond G, McArthur M (2015)

Identifying alcohol and other drug use during pregnancy: outcomes for women, their partners and their children.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander research at the Kirby Institute 2015 (2015)

The Kirby Institute

In celebration of National Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee (NAIDOC) week 2015, the Kirby Institute has a created a booklet which showcases their Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander research.

Aboriginal people are one of the priority populations for research conducted at the Kirby Institute. The Kirby Institute manages a range of Aboriginal research and surveillance projects including viral hepatitis and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinical interventions in Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services, prisoner health surveys, behavioural surveys, national STI and blood borne viruses (BBV) surveillance, trachoma surveillance, training and education and policy development.

This report outlines a number of projects being conducted by the Kirby Institute across Australia. Information for each project includes:

  • a description of the project
  • expected benefit to the community
  • investigators
  • Aboriginal community involvement
  • collaborating organisations
  • funding body
  • achievements/key findings
  • contacts.

Abstract adapted from the Kirby Institute

Treloar C, Jackson LC (2015)

Commentary on historical trauma, substance use, and Indigenous people: seven generations from a 'big event'.

Substance Use & Misuse; Early online(http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2015.985567):

Whittaker E, Swift W, Roxburgh A, Dietze P, Cogger S, Bruno R, Sindicich N, Burns L (2015)

Multiply disadvantaged: health and service utilisation factors faced by homeless injecting drug consumers in Australia.

Drug and Alcohol Review; Early view(http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12257):

Williams M (2015)

Connective services: post-prison release support in an urban Aboriginal population.

Doctor of Philosophy thesis, University of New South Wales: Sydney

Williams R, Lawrence C, Wilkes E, Shipp M, Henry B, Eades S, Mathers B, Kaldor J, Maher L, Gray D (2015)

Sexual behaviour, drug use and health service use by young Noongar people in Western Australia: a snapshot.

Sexual Health; 12(3): 188-193

2014

Dudgeon P, Milroy H, Walker R, eds. (2014)

Working together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and wellbeing principles and practice.

Canberra: Department of The Prime Minister and Cabinet

This book was developed as an information source for health professionals working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with social and emotional wellbeing issues. The book contains comprehensive and culturally appropriate information to educate and assist health professionals who work with Indigenous clients.

The book is divided into six parts:

  • history and contexts
  • issues and influences
  • standards, principles and practice
  • assessment and management
  • working with children, families and communities
  • healing models and programs.

Many of the book chapters were authored by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and Indigenous artwork features throughout the book.

Telethon Kids Institute abstract

Adams K, Halacas C, Cincotta M, Pesish C (2014)

Mental health and Victorian Aboriginal people: what can data mining tell us?.

Australian Journal of Primary Health; 20(4): 350-355

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2014)

Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health survey: updated results, 2012–13.

Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics

Australian Crime Commission (2014)

Illicit drug data report 2012-13.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2014)

Overview of Australian Indigenous health status, 2013.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This report provides recent information on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Indigenous health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in 2013. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health organisations: online services report - key results 2012 - 13.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2012 - 13.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents data on alcohol and other drug treatment agencies and the episodes of treatment provided in Australia for 2012-2013. The most common principal drugs of concern were alcohol, cannabis, amphetamines and heroin, and counselling was the most common type of treatment.

The report shows that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were more likely to be provided with withdrawal management than other Australians, and were around three times as likely to have received pharmacotherapy treatment than the non-Indigenous population. Data for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and non-Indigenous Australians is presented throughout the report.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Australia’s health 2014: in brief.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Australia’s health 2014: the 14th biennial health report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australia's health 2014 was released by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare as the fourtenth edition of its biennial national health report. The report shows that Australia is one of the healthiest nations in the world, with most Australians generally have good health and access to a range of good health care services, but Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples continue to have much poorer health than the general population.

Health information about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is included in various sections of the report but particularly in chapter 7 which compiles information about demographic profiles, health status, disability rates and service use. The section highlights that Indigenous Australians are continuing to die at much younger ages than non-Indigenous Australians. Indigenous Australians also continue to have a greater disease burden, higher rates of disability and a lower quality of life than other Australians. The section concludes with information on behaviours and health risk factors that shape the health status of Indigenous peoples such as tobacco use, alcohol misuse and illicit drug use.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

National Drug Strategy Household Survey detailed report: 2013.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2014)

Prisoner health services in Australia 2012.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian National Council on Drugs (2014)

Mandatory treatment: position paper.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

Breen C, Awbery E, Burns L (2014)

Supporting pregnant women who use alcohol or other drugs: a review of the evidence.

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

This report identifies a comprehensive range of strategies for primary health care professionals to assist pregnant women who use alcohol and other drugs.

The report outlines a framework for preventing exposure to alcohol and other drugs during pregnancy and to minimise harm from substance use. It incorporates findings from a review of the literature, an audit of available specialist antenatal services across Australia, and consultation with national experts who are involved in the care of pregnant or substance using women.

A practice resource Supporting pregnant women who use alcohol or other drugs: a guide for primary health care professionals was developed based on the evidence from the report.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Commissioner for Children and Young People WA (2014)

The state of Western Australia's children and young people - edition two.

Perth: Commissioner for Children and Young People WA

Cutcher Z, Degenhardt L, Alati R, Kinner SA (2014)

Poor health and social outcomes for ex-prisoners with a history of mental disorder: a longitudinal study.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 38(5): 424–429

De Bortoli L (2014)

Child removal in child protection practice: comparing structured professional judgement and actuarial risk assessment instruments.

Doctor of Philosophy thesis, Monash University: Melbourne

de Wit J, Mao L, Adam P, Treloar C(Eds) (2014)

HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia: annual report of trends in behaviour 2014.

Sydney: Centre for Social Research in Health, The University of New South Wales

Forrest A (2014)

The Forrest review: creating parity.

Canberra: Indigenous Jobs and Training Review

Forsyth SJ, Alati R, Ober C, Williams GM, Kinner SA (2014)

Striking subgroup differences in substance-related mortality after release from prison.

Addiction; 109(10): 1676–1683

Gray D, Stearne A, Bonson M, Wilkes ET, Butt J, Wilson M (2014)

Review of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander alcohol, tobacco and other drugs treatment service sector: harnessing good intentions.

Perth: National Drug Research Institute

Haber PS, Day CA (2014)

Overview of substance use and treatment from Australia.

Substance Abuse; 35(3): 304-308

Health Performance Council (2014)

Aboriginal health in South Australia 2011-2014: a case study.

Adelaide: Health Performance Council

Holman D, Joyce SJ (2014)

A promising future: WA Aboriginal health programs: review of performance with recommendations for consolidation and advance.

Perth, WA: Department of Health, Western Australia

This report, also known as 'The Holman review', evaluated the effectiveness of state-funded Indigenous health programs in Western Australia (WA), focusing on the measurement and achievement of clinical health outcomes. The report examined 184 Indigenous health programs and found that the majority deliver value for money and are underpinned by scientific evidence. It also found that primary prevention programs are under-funded relative to their significance and that service delivery in regional areas is fragmented. The report recommends that changes be made to the way the WA Department of Health funds and contracts Indigenous health services. The report was commissioned by the WA Department of Health at the request of the State Government and was prepared by independent expert Winthrop Professor D'Arcy Holman, Professor of Public Health at the University of Western Australia.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Iversen J, Chow S, Maher L (2014)

Australian NSP Survey National Data Report 2009-2013: prevalence of HIV, HCV and injecting and sexual behaviour among NSP attendees.

Sydney: Kirby Institute

KPMG (2014)

Evaluation of the Drug Court of Victoria: final report: Magistrates’ Court of Victoria.

Melbourne: Magistrates’ Court of Victoria

Lee KSK, Chikritzhs T, Wilson S, Wilkes E, Gray D, Room R, Conigrave KM (2014)

Better methods to collect self-reported alcohol and other drug use data from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 33(5): 466–472

LeeJenn Health Consultants (2014)

Methamphetamine step-up step-down withdrawal model evaluation: final report.

Melbourne: UnitingCare ReGen

Lewis LN, Skinner SR (2014)

Adolescent pregnancy in Australia.

In: Cherry AL, Dillon ME, eds. International Handbook of Adolescent Pregnancy. : Springer US: 191-203

This chapter from the International handbook of adolescent pregnancy provides information on adolescent pregnancy specific to Australia, including data for Indigenous young women. It considers the health, social and economic impact of adolescent pregnancy. The topics covered in this chapter include:

  • characteristics of Australian adolescents who give birth
  • disadvantage as a result of low socioeconomic status
  • family characteristics
  • contraception
  • birth outcomes for adolescent women and their infants
  • recommendations for further research.

The authors acknowledge the importance of providing Indigenous young women with culturally appropriate and accessible contraceptive services to reduce the impact of the social inequities faced as a result of adolescent pregnancies.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Luciani F, Bretaña NA, Teusch S, Amin J, Topp L, Dore GJ, Maher L, Dolan K, Lloyd AR (2014)

A prospective study of hepatitis C incidence in Australian prisoners.

Addiction; 109(10): 1695–1706

Mina MM, Clark PJ, Beasley HM, Herawati L, Butler TG, Lloyd AR (2014)

Enhancing hepatitis C treatment in the custodial setting: a national roadmap.

Medical Journal of Australia; 200(1): 15-16

Moore E, Indig D, Haysom L (2014)

Traumatic brain injury, mental health, substance use, and offending among incarcerated young people.

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation; 29(3): 239-247

National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (2014)

Alcohol and other drug treatment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

Canberra: National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee

This paper was developed by the National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (NIDAC) in response to the misperception that effective alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment is not available for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

The paper aims to reduce these misperceptions by outlining:

  • who can benefit from receiving treatment
  • what treatment is known to work
  • key principles that should guide the application of treatment
  • what constitutes effective treatment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

The paper focuses upon interventions that are evidence-based and directly related to addressing AOD use. It does not cover interventions that have a prevention focus.

Abstract adapted from the National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (NIDAC)

Olsen A, Wallace J, Maher L (2014)

Responding to Australia's national hepatitis B strategy 2010–13: gaps in knowledge and practice in relation to Indigenous Australians.

Australian Journal of Primary Health; 20(2): 134-142

People Culture Environment (2014)

The Elders' report into preventing Indigenous self-harm and youth suicide.

Melbourne: People Culture Environment

This report considers suicide prevention among young Indigenous Australian populations from the perspective of Elders and community leaders in affected communities.

The report includes interviews with 31 Elders and community leaders living in 17 communities in northern Australia and addresses two primary questions:

  • why is self-harm and suicide happening?
  • what is the solution?

This report was produced as a part of the Culture is life campaign which is led by Indigenous Elders and promotes community driven solutions to end Indigenous self-harm and youth suicide.

Abstract adapted from Culture is life

Phillips NL, Milne B, Silsbury C, Zappia P, Zehetner A, Klineberg E, Towns S, Steinbeck K (2014)

Addressing adolescent substance use in a paediatric health-care setting.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 50(9): 726–731

Reekie JM, Levy MH, Richards AH, Wake CJ, Siddall DA, Beasley HM, Kumar S, Butler TG (2014)

Trends in HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C prevalence among Australian prisoners - 2004, 2007, 2010.

Medical Journal of Australia; 200(5): 277-280

Reeve R, Bradford W (2014)

Aboriginal disadvantage in major cities of New South Wales: evidence for holistic policy approaches.

Australian Economic Review; 47(2): 199-217

Roche A, Trifonoff A, White M, Evans K, Battams S, Adams V, Scarfe A (2014)

From policy to implementation: child and family sensitive practice in the alcohol and other drugs sector.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2014)

Overcoming Indigenous disadvantage: key indicators 2014.

Canberra: Productivity Commission

This report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. It is the sixth report in a series commissioned by all Australian governments, designed to measure progress in overcoming the disadvantage faced by many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have been actively involved in the development and production of the report. The report measures the progress of the six targets set by the Council of Australian Governments Closing the gap strategy, together with other identified significant indicators. The report has three main sections:

  • an overview of the key messages
  • the main report which provides the evidence base for the framework for the report and detailed information on outcomes
  • tables expanding on the data presented in the report.

The information in this report can help inform the design of policies.

Abstract adapted from Productivity Commission

Sugden PB, Cameron B, Luciani F, Lloyd R (2014)

Exploration of genetically determined resistance against hepatitis C infection in high-risk injecting drug users.

Journal of Viral Hepatitis; 21(8): e65–e73

The Kirby Institute (2014)

HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia annual surveillance report 2014.

Sydney: University of New South Wales

Van Dyken E, Thai P, Yin Lai F, Ort C, Prichard J, Bruno R, Hall W, Kirkbride P, Mueller J (2014)

Monitoring substance use in prisons: assessing the potential value of wastewater analysis.

Science & Justice; 54(5): 338–345

Wallace GP (2014)

What can circle sentencing courts tell us about drug and alcohol problems affecting Aboriginal communities?.

Medical Journal of Australia; 200(11): 675-677

Ward J, Bath N, Crawford S, Pepolim L (2014)

Community Consultation Rapid Scoping Project among Aboriginal people who inject drugs.

Sydney: NSW Users & AIDS Association

Warhaft G (2014)

A travellin’ man.

Of Substance; 12(1): 22-23

This publication contains an article on the Makin' tracks outreach program which focuses on Aboriginal communities across South Australia as well as the Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales and Western Australia.

The article focuses on Jimmy Perry, one of two project officers, who has been with the program for over 11 years. He discloses the challenges as well as the positive results which have come out of the program's implementation across Australia.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Warhaft G (2014)

Healing and hope in Indigenous communities.

Of Substance; 12(3): 26-27

Weatherburn D (2014)

Arresting incarceration : pathways out of Indigenous imprisonment.

Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press

Wheeler A, Crozier M, Robinson G, Pawlow N, Mihala G (2014)

Assessing and responding to hazardous and risky alcohol and other drug use: the practice, knowledge and attitudes of staff working in mental health services.

Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy; 21(3): 234-243

Yap L, Carruthers S, Thompson S, Cheng W, Jones J, Simpson P, Richards A, Thein HH, Haber P, Lloyd A, Butler T (2014)

A descriptive model of patient readiness, motivators, and hepatitis C treatment uptake among Australian prisoners.

PLOS ONE; 9(2): e87564

Retrieved 27 February 2014 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087564

2013

Hampton R, Toombs M, eds. (2013)

Indigenous Australians and health: the wombat in the room.

Melbourne: Oxford University Press

Indigenous Australians and health: the wombat in the room seeks to raise awareness of the culturally appropriate way for working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians in urban and remote areas. The book outlines the central components that influence good health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. It aims to provide an understanding of health from the Indigenous perspective while also examining the historical connections of health and the impact of colonisation; past and present.

The book features:

  • fact boxes that help to dismiss any predetermined notions
  • case examples, placement experiences, and personal stories that show actual experiences from the field
  • insights into how health practitioners can influence healthier outcomes
  • questions to encourage students to reflect on their learning.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Poeder F, ed. (2013)

Stories from the other side: an exploration of injecting drug use in NSW prisons.

Sydney: NSW Users and AIDS Association

Anomie, MacRae A, Burns J, Poynton M, D'Costa B, Ride K, Gray C, Thomson N, Hoareau J, Trzesinski A, Levitan L (2013)

Overview of the health of Indigenous people in Western Australia 2013.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This report provides comprehensive information specific to Western Australia (WA) on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Indigenous health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This WA Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Indigenous people in WA in 2013. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Crime Commission (2013)

Illicit drug data report 2011-12.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Department of Health and Ageing (2013)

National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan 2013-2023.

Canberra: Australian Department of Health and Ageing

This plan provides a long-term, evidence-based policy framework as part of the Council of Australian Governments' approach to Closing the gap in Indigenous disadvantage. The Australian Government worked in partnership with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community groups, and peak bodies to produce the plan.

The plan builds on the United nations declaration on the rights of Indigenous peoples, with a focus on:

  • policies and programs to improve Indigenous health
  • social and emotional wellbeing
  • resilience
  • promoting healthy behaviours
  • the centrality of culture for health and wellbeing
  • the right of people to be safe and empowered.

The plan at a glance includes:

  • the vision
  • principles
  • priorities
  • implementation.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2013)

Summary of Australian Indigenous health, 2012.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Australian Institute of Family Studies (2013)

The role of community patrols in improving safety in Indigenous communities.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

Community patrols have the potential to increase Indigenous community safety, helping to reduce crime rates and alcohol-related harm and empower the local community. The most successful community patrols tend to enjoy community involvement and ownership and strong collaboration with police and a network of community services. This paper summarises the key evidence in support of community patrols. It includes detailed information on:

  • what is currently known about community patrols, including 'what works', and what is not known
  • safety and crime in Indigenous communities
  • the history of Indigenous community patrols in Australia, and the support they receive from levels of government
  • the evidence in support of community patrols
  • best practice for community patrols
  • the evidence gaps.

Abstract adapted from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and the Australian Institute of Family Studies

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Australian Capital Territory.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This publication reports on indicators relevant to health status and health outcomes, determinants of health, and health systems performance for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in the Australian Capital Territory. The report is based on the national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012: detailed analyses report. Jurisdiction-specific and national comparisons are presented.

Improvements have been seen in health assessments for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 55 and over, allied health-care service claims, immunisation coverage for children, literacy levels (years three and five), and retention rates for high school students.

Areas of concern include pregnancy and smoking, alcohol consumption for ages 18 years and over, levels of disability, and breast cancer screening for women.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: New South Wales.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Queensland.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: South Australia.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Victoria.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012 report: Western Australia.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2012: detailed analyses.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health services report 2011–12: online services report – key results.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents the main findings from the 2011-12 online service report data collection which replaces the previous Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health services reporting data collection. In 2011-12, the Australian Government provided direct funding to approximately 300 organisations to deliver comprehensive primary health care and other health services, including substance use, social and emotional wellbeing and mental health services to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (Bringing them home and Link up counselling programs) of which around 60% were Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community-controlled or managed.
The report provides information on the services and their operations including the number of clients seen, episodes of care and client contacts. Primary health care services provided 2.6 million episodes of care of which 350,000 were Indigenous; substance use services provided treatment and assistance to about 27,000 Indigenous clients and Bringing them home and Link up counselling services were accessed by about 9,400 Indigenous clients.

Abstract adapted from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2011-12.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents data on alcohol and other drug treatment agencies and the episodes of treatment provided in Australia for 2011-2012. Alcohol was the most common principal drug of concern, accounting for almost half of these closed episodes, and counselling was the most common type of treatment. The report shows that Indigenous Australians were more likely to use alcohol, cannabis and amphetamines than non-Indigenous Australians, although Indigenous Australians were more likely to abstain from alcohol than non-Indigenous Australians. Data for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians is presented throughout the report.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2013)

Developing client-based analyses for reporting on the alcohol and other drug treatment services.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Medical Association (2013)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health report card 2012 - 2013: the healthy early years - getting the right start in life.

Canberra: Australian Medical Association

The Australian Medical Association's (AMA) Indigenous health report card for 2012-13 focuses on the health and wellbeing of Indigenous children. It outlines the current research and evidence on the factors in the early life of Indigenous children may determine health outcomes later in life. It also provides evidence for policies, programs and measures that work to protect them against adverse social and physical conditions in early life. On the basis of that evidence, the 2012-13 report card makes a range of recommendations to governments to improve health and wellbeing in the early years, in the following areas:

  • development of a comprehensive plan for maternal and child services
  • support for families at risk
  • measures to keep children at school
  • strengthening community capacity
  • improving the living environment
  • ensuring better data, research and evaluation.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian National Council on Drugs (2013)

ANCD position paper: needle and syringe programs.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

Australian National Preventive Health Agency (2013)

National preventive health research strategy: 2013-2018.

Canberra: Australian National Preventive Health Agency

Brennan T, Charles A, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Mildura.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Buykx P, Ward B, Chisholm M (2013)

Planning alcohol and other drug services in rural and remote areas: the role of spatial access.

Sydney: Drug Policy Modelling Program, University of New South Wales

Campbell D (2013)

Economic rationality in choosing between short-term bad-health choices and longer-term good-health choices.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; 10(11): 5971-5988

Clifford AC, Doran CM, Tsey K (2013)

A systematic review of suicide prevention interventions targeting Indigenous peoples in Australia, United States, Canada and New Zealand.

BMC Public Health; 13: 463

Retrieved 13 May 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-463

Cussen T, Payne J, Marks D (2013)

Policing alcohol and illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in metropolitan environments.

Canberra: National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund

Day A, Francisco A, Jones R (2013)

Programs to improve interpersonal safety in Indigenous communities: evidence and issues.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

Doolan I (2013)

Causes and consequences of youth detention.

Master of Philosophy thesis, The University of Queensland: Brisbane

Duffin W, Riley B, Grogan G, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Kuranda.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Fetherston J, Carruthers S, Butler T, Wilson D, Sindicich N (2013)

Rates of injection in prison in a sample of Australian-injecting drug users.

Journal of Substance Use; 18(1): 65-73

Hams K, Murray B, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Cherbourg.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Haswell MR, Blignault I, Fitzpatrick S, Jackson Pulver L (2013)

The social and emotional wellbeing of Indigenous youth: reviewing and extending the evidence and examining its implications for policy and practice.

Sydney: Muru Marri, University of New South Wales

Ingram D, Taylor N, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Redfern, Sydney.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Iversen J, Grebely J, Topp L, Wand H, Dore G, Maher L (2013)

Uptake of hepatitis C treatment among people who inject drugs attending needle and syringe programs in Australia, 1999–2011.

Journal of Viral Hepatitis; 21(3): 198 - 207

Iversen J, Maher L (2013)

Australian NSP Survey National Data Report 2008-2012: prevalence of HIV, HCV and injecting and sexual behaviour among NSP attendees.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute

Jenner L, Lee N (2013)

Screening for substance use and related issues by specialist alcohol, tobacco and other drug treatment and support services in the ACT: discussion paper.

Canberra: Alcohol Tobacco and Other Drug Association ACT

Kenny PA (2013)

Indigenous dual diagnosis capability: measuring policy effectiveness through a cultural proficiency lens.

Masters thesis, University of Melbourne: Melbourne

A global systematic review of hepatitis C virus in prisons and other closed settings (2013)

Larney S, Kopinski H, Beckwith C, Zaller N, Jarlais DD, Hagan H, Rich J, van den Bergh B, Degenhardt L

Lindeman M, Flouris A, Lopes J (2013)

Youth programs in remote central Australian Aboriginal communities 2013.

Darwin: Centre for Remote Health

This report provides information on a study undertaken to explore the enablers and barriers of youth programs in remote Central Australian Indigenous communities.

The report includes the aims and methodology of the study, a literature review and recommendations, with the findings organised into these topics:

  • background of Central Australian young people development programs
  • important elements of youth development programs
  • defining features of youth programs
  • youth program workforce
  • youth program outcomes
  • collaboration and relationships
  • resources and infrastructure
  • the context of service delivery in remote communities
  • 'youth-centred, context-specific' services

The study was conducted in partnership between the Centre for Remote Health (CRH) and the Central Australian Youth Link-Up Service (CAYLUS).

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

MacLean S, Berends L, Mugavin J (2013)

Factors contributing to the sustainability of alcohol and other drug interventions in Australian community health settings.

Australian Journal of Primary Health; 19(1): 53-58

MacRae A, Thomson N, Anomie, Burns J, Catto M, Gray C, Levitan L, McLoughlin N, Potter C, Ride K, Stumpers S, Trzesinski A, Urquhart B (2013)

Overview of Australian Indigenous health status, 2012.

Perth, WA: Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

This report provides recent information on:

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations
  • the context of Indigenous health
  • various measures of population health status
  • selected health conditions
  • health risk and protective factors.

This Overview draws on statistics and other published and unpublished materials to provide up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in 2012. It highlights a number of improvements in certain aspects of Indigenous health, but underlines that ongoing work is needed to 'close the gap' in health status between Indigenous and other Australians.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

McGrady G, Peckham M, Grogan G, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Toomelah.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

McGuire V, Boladeras J, Collard L, Bracknell C, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Narrogin.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee (2013)

Bridges and barriers: addressing Indigenous incarceration and health: revised edition.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

This report provides a comprehensive examination of Indigenous incarceration in Australia. The report provides details on:

  • prison-related health risks
  • characteristics of Indigenous prisoners and detainees and trend information about Indigenous incarceration
  • Indigenous alcohol and other drug use issues and how they interact with the justice system
  • reasons for over-representation of Indigenous Australians in the correctional system
  • intervention opportunities within the criminal justice system
  • issues for consideration, including Indigenous participation in diversion programs, access to health care while in the correctional system and after release, recidivism, cost of incarceration, and the suitability of programs
  • recommendations.

This report provides an update to the Bridges and barriers: addressing Indigenous incarceration and health report released in 2009.

The National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee was de-funded in 2014.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Ober C, Dingle K, Clavarino A, Najman JM, Alati R, Heffernan EB (2013)

Validating a screening tool for mental health and substance use risk in an Indigenous prison population.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 32(6): 611–617

Post JJ, Arain A, Lloyd AR (2013)

Enhancing assessment and treatment of hepatitis C in the custodial setting.

Clinical Infectious Diseases; 57(Suppl 2): S70-S74

Reconciliation Australia (2013)

Reconciliation Australia: Psychological Perspectives. Part 3 (of 6) Professor Marcia Langton.

: CASSEvideos

Professor Marcia Langton discusses the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody, the impact of alcohol abuse, the role of customary laws and the failures of the justice system.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Richmond RL, Indig D, Butler TG, Wilhelm KA, Archer VA, Wodak AD (2013)

Smoking and other drug characteristics of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal prisoners in Australia.

Journal of Addiction; 2013: 516342

Retrieved 10 March 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/516342

Ryder A, Blurton D, Hansen C, Collard L, Bracknell C, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Perth.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Stephens A, Bohanna I, Graham D, Clough AR (2013)

Screening and assessment instruments for use in Indigenous-specific alcohol and drug treatment rehabilitation.

Journal of Tropical Psychology; 3: e2(11)

Retrieved 13 August 2013 from http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S1838990213000021

Taylor K, Dingwall K, Lindeman M, Lopes J, Grant L (2013)

Aboriginal youth suicide in Central Australia: developing a consistent data system and referral pathway.

Darwin: Centre for Remote Health

Taylor KP, Bessarab D, Hunter L, Thompson SC (2013)

Aboriginal-mainstream partnerships: exploring the challenges and enhancers of a collaborative service arrangement for Aboriginal clients with substance use issues.

BMC Health Services Research; 13: 12

Retrieved 10 January 2013 from http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-13-12

The Kirby Institute (2013)

Highlighting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander research at The Kirby Institute.

Sydney: The Kirby Institute

Tjalaminu M, Miller D, Collard L, Bracknell C, Butorac A, Cox A, Dudgeon P, Swift S (2013)

The National Empowerment Project Northam/Toodyay.

Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia

Topp L, Day CA, Wand H, Deacon RM, van Beek I, Haber PS, Shanahan M, Rodgers C, Maher L (2013)

A randomised controlled trial of financial incentives to increase hepatitis B vaccination completion among people who inject drugs in Australia.

Preventive Medicine; 57(4): 297-303

UnitingCare ReGen (2013)

UnitingCare ReGen Residential Methamphetamine Withdrawal Program report.

Melbourne: UnitingCare ReGen

van Dooren K, Kinner SA, Forsyth S (2013)

Risk of death for young ex-prisoners in the year following release from adult prison.

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health; 37(4): 377-382

Victorian Auditor-General (2013)

Prevention and management of drug use in prisons.

Melbourne: Victorian Auditor-General's Office

Ward J, Bryant J, Worth H, Hull P, Solar S, Bailey S (2013)

Use of health services for sexually transmitted and blood-borne viral infections by young Aboriginal people in New South Wales.

Australian Journal of Primary Health; 19(1): 81-86

Ware V-A (2013)

Mentoring programs for Indigenous youth at risk.

Canberra: Closing the Gap Clearinghouse

This report examines evidence and provides information on effective mentoring programs for Indigenous young people at risk of engaging in antisocial and risky behaviours. The report provides detailed information on:

  • risk and protective factors relating to antisocial and risky behaviours
  • mentoring programs and how they work
  • principles for effective mentoring of at-risk Indigenous youth
  • characteristics of effective mentoring relationships
  • ineffective mentoring practices
  • current gaps in research.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Warhaft G (2013)

Hepatitis C: part of the punishment?.

Of Substance; 11(3): 22-25

2012

Anex (2012)

Australian drug policy: harm reduction and ‘new recovery': discussion paper: draft for consultation.

Melbourne: Anex

Australian Health Ministers’ Advisory Council (2012)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework: 2012 report.

Canberra: Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health, Department of Health and Ageing

This is the fourth report under the auspice of the Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council to measure progress against the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework (HPF). The framework has become one of the key means of monitoring progress in Closing the gap between Indigenous and other Australians. It was reviewed and revised in 2011 and now includes 68 key measures (previously 71 measures) under the following tiers:

  • Tier 1-Health status and outcomes: measures the prevalence of health conditions including disease or injury, human function, life expectancy, wellbeing and deaths.
  • Tier 2-Determinants of health: measures of the determinants of health, including socioeconomic status, environmental factors and health behaviours.
  • Tier 3-Health system performance: measures of the health system, including effectiveness, responsiveness, accessibility, continuity, capability and sustainability.

The aim of the report is to promote accountability, inform policy and research, and generate informed debate. The report includes an overview of current national policies and strategies, and data analysis for each of the three tiers.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health services report, 2010-11: OATSIH services reporting - key results.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This report presents the main findings from the Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health (OATSIH) Services Reporting data collection. Data were collected by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) from primary health-care services, substance use services and Bringing Them Home and Link Up counselling services that received funding through OATSIH in 2010-11. The health services included those provided through Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal community controlled health organisations.

The information covered the number of clients seen, episodes of care and client contacts. This information helps to inform Indigenous health policy, and program development and implementation. Primary health care services provided 2.5 million episodes of care to about 428,000 Indigenous clients; substance use services provided treatment and assistance to about 28,600 clients and Bringing Them Home and Link Up counselling services were accessed by about 11,800 clients.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012)

Australia's health 2012.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Berry SL, Crowe TP, Deane FP, Billingham M, Bhagerutty Y (2012)

Growth and empowerment for Indigenous Australians in substance abuse treatment.

International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction; 10(6): 970-983

Brady M (2012)

The National Drug Strategy and Indigenous Australians: missed opportunities and future challenges [the James Rankin Oration 2011].

Drug and Alcohol Review; 31(6): 747–753

Bullen L, Casey W, Childs S, Ferguson J, Jack P, Keats J, Miller L, Simpson L, Walker E, Winstock A, Woods J, Strong Spirit Strong Mind team (2012)

General principles.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 1-64

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers about the role of AOD workers and general AOD information, including:

  • what an Aboriginal Health Worker is
  • why people become dependant on alcohol or drugs
  • types of drugs
  • overview of ways to help people addicted to alcohol or drugs
  • getting a person to think about their substance use
  • counselling
  • case management
  • role of medicines
  • mutual support groups
  • residential rehabilitation
  • how families can help.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Degenhardt L, Hall W (2012)

Extent of illicit drug use and dependence, and their contribution to the global burden of disease.

The Lancet; 379(9810): 55-70

Department of Families Housing Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (2012)

Final evaluation of youth in communities for the department of families, housing, community services and Indigenous affairs: final report.

Canberra: Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs

Stronger Futures in the Northern Territory: a ten year commitment to Aboriginal people in the Northern Territory (2012)

Department of Families Housing Community Services and Indigenous Affairs

Doolan I, Najman JM, Cherney A (2012)

Health needs of Australian Indigenous young people entering detention.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health; 48(10): 896–901

Doyle B, Garsia R, Haber P, Lawler J, O'Connor C, van Beek I, White A (2012)

Reducing the harms from substance misuse.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 283-316

This book chapter provides information on reducing the harms from alcohol and other drug use for people who work with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients in the alcohol and other drug field.

Of specific focus in this chapter is:

  • sexually transmissible infections in the alcohol and other drug use setting
  • harms from injecting drug use and safer injecting
  • needle and syringe programs
  • hepatitis C and B; and HIV/AIDS.

This chapter is part of a book titled Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work, which provides everyday practical information for working in the field of alcohol and other drugs with a focus on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Dunlop A, Keats J (2012)

Polydrug use.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 237-246

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on polydrug use, including:

  • polydrug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
  • reasons for polydrug use
  • harms associated with polydrug use
  • how to assess a person who uses several drugs
  • how to help a person who uses several drugs
  • reducing the harms if a person cannot or will not quit
  • preventing polydrug use.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Entwhistle P, Entwhistle D (2012)

First review of alcohol and drugs (AOD) Indigenous communities project (2011-2014) May 2012.

Darwin: Amity Community Services

Gray D (2012)

Community-wide approaches to substance misuse.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 331-342

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on community-wide approaches to substance misuse, including:

  • engaging with communities to address drug and alcohol issues
  • what communities can do to prevent or limit drinking problems.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Heffernan E, Anderson K, Dev A (2012)

Inside Out: the mental health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody report.

Brisbane: Queensland Health

Hinton R, Nagel T (2012)

Evaluation of a culturally adapted training in Indigenous mental health and wellbeing for the alcohol and other drug workforce.

ISRN Public Health; 2012: 380581

Retrieved 3 January 2012 from http://downloads.isrn.com/journals/ph/2012/380581.pdf

Hunter E, Shields R, Wand A (2012)

Mental health and substance use.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 247-282

This book chapter provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on mental health and substance use. The contents of the chapter includes:

  • mental health and substance use
  • depression and suicide
  • anxiety and stress
  • psychosis.

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Key J, Page J, Smyth D (2012)

Legal issues.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 317-330

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on legal issues associated with substance use, including:

  • guardianship
  • alcohol, drugs and driving
  • programs to reduce re-offending or avoid prison.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Lea T (2012)

Other drugs.

In: Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K, eds. Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work. Sydney: University of Sydney: 217-236

This chapter is from the Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work and provides information for alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers on other drugs, including:

  • kava
  • GHB
  • ketamine
  • hallucinogens (magic mushrooms and LSD)
  • other sedatives
  • betel nut (areca nut)
  • khat
  • steroids.

Abstract adapted from the University of Sydney

Handbook for Aboriginal alcohol and drug work (2012)

Lee K, Freeburn B, Ella S, Miller W, Perry J, Conigrave K

This handbook provides everyday practical information for working in the field of alcohol and other drugs (AOD), with a focus on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients. It is based on the clinical and cultural experiences of the authors who have worked in a range of settings from large urban environments through to small remote communities.

Contained in the handbook is information on AOD work, including:

  • clinical treatment
  • prevention
  • early intervention
  • harm reduction.

The handbook was published by the University of Sydney.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Lee L, Midford R, Malone S (2012)

The Dampier Peninsula Prevention Project: working with a group of remote Australian Aboriginal communities to address alcohol and drug use.

International Journal of Health Promotion and Education; 50(3): 111-124

Mental Health Drugs and Regions Division (2012)

The Victorian drug statistics handbook: patterns of drug use and related harm in Victoria for the period July 2009 to June 2010.

Melbourne: Department of Health, Victoria

Queensland Health (2012)

The health of Queenslanders 2012: advancing good health. Fourth report of the Chief Health Officer Queensland.

Brisbane: Queensland Health

South Australian Office of Crime Statistics & Research (2012)

Evaluation of the 6-month Drug Treatment Program.

Adelaide: South Australian Attorney General's Department

Sweeney J, Payne J (2012)

Drug use monitoring in Australia: 2009–10 report on drug use among police detainees.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology

Taussig I, Jones C (2012)

Penalties and reconviction risk among offenders convicted of drug driving.

Sydney: NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research

Taylor AW, Marin T, Avery J, Grande D (2012)

South Australian Aboriginal health survey.

Adelaide: South Australian Population Research and Outcome Studies

This report provides information on chronic diseases among Indigenous people in South Australia, including the social determinants of health and some risk and protective factors. It includes information on:

  • kidney disease
  • hearing problems
  • mental health
  • asthma
  • high blood pressure.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Teesson M, Newton NC, Barrett EL (2012)

Australian school-based prevention programs for alcohol and other drugs: a systematic review.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 31(6): 731–736

White V, Bariola E (2012)

Australian secondary school students' use of tobacco, alcohol, and over-the-counter and illicit substances in 2011.

Canberra: Drug Strategy Branch, Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing

2011

Allan J, Campbell M (2011)

Improving access to hard-to-reach services: a soft entry approach to drug and alcohol services for rural Australian Aboriginal communities.

Social Work in Health Care; 50(6): 443-465

Attorney-General's Department (2011)

Government response to the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs report: Doing time – time for doing: Indigenous youth in the criminal justice system.

Barton, ACT: Attorney-General's Department

This report is the Australian Government's response to the findings and recommendations provided by the Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs in the Doing time - time for doing: Indigenous youth in the criminal justice system report, released in June 2011. The report presents 40 specific recommendations on how the government aims to take action to reduce the over-representation of young Indigenous people in the criminal justice system.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Australian Crime Commission (2011)

Illicit drug data report 2009-10.

Canberra: Australian Crime Commission

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey report.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

The 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey was conducted between late-April and early-September 2010. This was the 10th survey in a series which began in 1985, and was the fifth to be managed by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). More than 26,000 people aged 12 years or older participated in the survey, in which they were asked about their knowledge of and attitudes towards drugs, their drug consumption histories, and related behaviours. Most of the analysis presented is of people aged 14 years or older, so that results can be compared with previous reports.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare abstract

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

Drugs in Australia 2010: tobacco, alcohol and other drugs.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

Review of the Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services National Minimum Data Set.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011)

Young Australians: their health and wellbeing 2011.

Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

This national statistical publication reports on the health and wellbeing of young Australians aged 12-24 years of age. This reporting is vital for the development of evidence-based youth policies. Part VII provides an overview of the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people and looks at key issues including:

  • health status
  • determinants of health
  • families and communities
  • socioeconomic factors
  • housing
  • health system performance.

The report also highlights areas where work is still needed.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Child and Adolescent Community Health (2011)

Health and wellbeing profile of young Western Australians.

Perth: Department of Health, Western Australia

Cook M (2011)

Locked out: experiences of AOD consumers with a criminal record accessing employment and education.

Melbourne: Association of Participating Service Users

Harrod ME, Ward J, Graham S, Butler T (2011)

Australian prisons: the key to closing the gap and ensuring HIV remains low in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

HIV Australia; 9(1): 17-19

Kratzmann M, Mitchell E, Ware J, Banach L, Ward J, Ryan J, Sutton L, Griffiths P, Saunders M (2011)

Injecting drug use and associated harms among Aboriginal Australians.

Canberra: Australian National Council on Drugs

The project Injecting drug use and associated harms among Aboriginal Australians was undertaken by Anex and the National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO), and commissioned by Australian National Council on Drugs (ANCD). The findings from the project are summarised in this report. Copies can be obtained from the ANCD Secretariat or the ANCD website.

Abstract adapted from ANCD

Logan G, Bakos K (2011)

Our Healing Ways successful strategies for working with dual diagnosis issues, Aboriginal way.

Fitzroy, Vic: Victorian Dual Diagnosis Education and Training Unit

Mental Health Drugs and Regions Division (2011)

The Victorian drug statistics handbook: patterns of drug use and related harm in Victoria for the period July 2008 to June 2009.

Melbourne: Department of Health, Victoria

Munro A, Allan J (2011)

Can family-focussed interventions improve problematic substance use in Aboriginal communities? A role for social work.

Australian Social Work; 64(2): 169-182

Murphy B (2011)

Final report of the Koori Youth Alcohol and Drug Healing Service: YSAS & Ngwala.

Melbourne: The University of Melbourne

Nagel T, Kavanagh D, Barclay L, Trauer T, Chenhall R, Frendin J, Griffin C (2011)

Integrating treatment for mental and physical disorders and substance misuse in Indigenous primary care settings.

Australasian Psychiatry; 19(Supplement 1): S17-S19

Queensland Alcohol and Drug Research and Education Centre (2011)

The Queensland Alcohol and Drug Research and Education Centre: annual report 2011.

Brisbane: Queensland Alcohol and Drug Research and Education Centre

Queensland Health (2011)

2011–2012 Queensland drug action plan.

Brisbane: Queensland Health

The 2011-2012 Queensland drug action plan builds on the longstanding partnerships between health, law enforcement and education sectors, to engage government, non-government organisations and the community in reducing the supply, the demand and the harms associated with drug misuse throughout Queensland.

It focuses on five priority areas:

  • alcohol-related violence and injury
  • smoking and heavy drinking
  • reducing harms for families
  • tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
  • pharmaceutical and illicit drugs.

Queensland Health abstract

Rysavy P, Cunningham T, O'Reilly-Martinez R (2011)

Preliminary analysis of the Northern Territory's illicit drug court diversion program highlights the need to examine lower program completion rates for indigenous clients.

Drug and Alcohol Review; 30(6): 671–676

Stafford J, Burns L (2011)

Australian drug trends 2010: findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS).

: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2011)

Overcoming Indigenous disadvantage: key indicators 2011.

Canberra: Productivity Commission, Australia

This report is the fifth in a series of reports on overcoming Indigenous disadvantage as commissioned by the heads of government in 2002. It has been produced in consultation with Indigenous peoples, governments, academics and service providers. The report measures the progress of the six targets set by the Council of Australian Governments Closing the gap strategy, together with other identified significant indicators. The report has three main sections:

  • an overview of the key messages
  • the main report which provides the evidence base for the framework for the report and detailed information on the current outcomes and those interventions and policies that have enhanced those outcomes
  • tables expanding on the data presented in the report.

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet abstract

Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2011)

Report on government services 2011: Indigenous compendium.

Canberra: Productivity Commission

Taplin S, Mattick RP (2011)

Child protection and mothers in substance abuse treatment.

Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre

Watkins RE, Mak DB, Connelly C (2011)

Identifying high risk groups for sexually transmitted infections and blood borne viruses upon admission to prison in Western Australia.

Rural and Remote Health; 11: 1621

Retrieved 16 March 2011 from http://www.rrh.org.au/publishedarticles/article_print_1621.pdf

Western Australian Education and Health Standing Committee (2011)

Changing patterns in illicit drug use in Western Australia.

Perth, WA: Parliament of Western Australia

Western Australian Network of Alcohol and Other Drug Agencies (2011)

Comorbidity capacity building toolkit.

Perth: Western Australian Network of Alcohol and Other Drug Agencies

This toolkit was produced by the Western Australian Network of Alcohol and other Drug Agencies. The purpose of the toolkit is to provide guidance for other Western Australian alcohol and other drug (AOD) services planning to undertake capacity building initiatives. The toolkit was developed in accordance with knowledge gained throughout the national Improved services initiative (ISI) project. This project aimed to build the capacity of non-government AOD organisations to effectively identify and treat comorbid substance use and mental illness.

Abstract adapted from Western Australian Network of Alcohol and other Drug Agencies

 
Last updated: 24 May 2017
 
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